No women need apply. These four discouraging words often greeted female physicians looking for job in the frontier-era West. Despite the dire need for medical help, it seemed most trappers, miners, and emigrants would rather suffer and die than be treated by a female doctor. Nevertheless, dozens of highly trained women headed West, where they endured hardship and prejudice as they set broken limbs, performed operations, delivered generations of babies—-and solidified a place for women in the medical field. These are the stories of seven of those women.